Academics > Undergraduate Degree Programs > College of Law > Learning Outcome Assessment III (Law) ASSE 4311 (Academic Session 2018-2019 )
Learning Outcome Assessment III (Law) ASSE 4311 (Academic Session 2018-2019 )

Section 201 Spring 2018-2019

Title of Research Paper Student & Student ID

Legal Barriers to Foreign Investment in Saudi Arabia

The main purpose of this research paper is to identify and study legal barriers that have had the most effect on Foreign Investment in Saudi Arabia, and how these legal barriers have affected foreign investors’ plans of investing in the Saudi Market. After appropriate evaluation of these legal barriers, it became clear the kind of solutions that the Saudi government should try to adopt and implement in order to attract more foreign investors.
Nouf Yousef Almohaisen

Child Marriage: A Silent Health and Children’s Rights

This research will discuss child marriage as a form of violation of the children’s rights, specifically in Saudi Arabia. Child marriage is the marriage of a young person who is under the age of 18. The child marriage issue is increasing in the Arab world day by day due to the economic, health, social and psychological effects that influence the girls and society. Significant factors that contribute to the prevalence of child marriages in Saudi Arabia are religious beliefs. Child marriage can cause a dispute in families of both spouses due to the child’s lack of capability and responsibility of taking care of the spouse, starting a family and the inability to raise a child, which can impact the society at the same time. Many international agencies have declared that child marriage violates human rights, as child marriage harms the rights of the child to health, education, and life that is free from exploitation by their parents. However, the prohibition of child marriages can be the first step towards eliminating child marriage in Saudi, which is what the Shura Council is trying to achieve. This research aims to make people aware of harms that are connected with child marriage, and to provide solutions that can prevent the issue of child marriage.
Mashael Alasiri

Unlawful Termination of Employment Contract in Saudi Arabia

This paper examines the ambiguity of the Saudi labor law system regarding lawful and unlawful dismissal regarding the rights and duties the Saudi employees and it seeks to understand the legal and illegal situations of a termination of a labor contract from the light of real-life cases and Saudi law and regulations.
Fatimah Alkhars

Legal Issues on Saudi Women in Prison

The Saudi authority needs to fix the issue that women face in prison after spending their prison term. The authority of prison or the authority of social visitor home does not release women without the acceptance of their guardians. In some situations, these women were refused by their guardian to receive them because they are scared of violence that may face. The research will deal with imprisonment and detention law including the Convention of the Elimination of all Forms of the Discrimination against Women and the Arab Charter in human right. This research highlights the main issues through case study, questionnaires, some interviews with lawyers and people about the situation of women in jail.
Sarah Khalid AlSubaei

Child Abuse and Legal Protection in Saudi Arabia

This research examines the child protection laws of Saudi Arabia alongside the weaknesses in the protection regime. It will also highlight the issues of the system alongside doable solutions that the government should implement so that the rights of children are protected and the child abusers are punished. It will also study the area of neglect of children with the help of survey conducted in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. This survey provides a deeper understanding and analysis of the mentality of the people of the kingdom.
Razan Althukair

Cyber Terrorism in Saudi Arabia

Today, cybercrime has caused harm to individuals, organizations and even the Government. Cybercrime detection methods and classification methods have been designed with varying levels of success in preventing and protecting data from such attacks. Several laws and methods have been introduced in order to prevent cybercrime and the penalties are prescribed. However, the study shows that there are many countries facing this problem. This paper examines the common areas where cybercrime usually occurs and the different types of cybercrimes that are committed today. The paper also shows the studies made on e-mail related crimes as email is the most common medium through which the cybercrimes occur.
Hadeel Khouqeer

Domestic Workers in Saudi Arabia

This research paper aims to find and recommend a suitable and logical solution to the government, under a problematic area in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia with a view to start a project for a new law. Therefore, the outcome of this research is recommendation to the government that would help in clearing out the reality of what the media has portrayed and what actions could the government take to mitigate the problems and to evaluate the laws related to the problem to find changes that would help. This paper will provide information Concerning abuse of domestic workers (homeworkers) in Saudi Arabia.
Sabah Al-Mira

Comparative Study on End of Life Decision Making Between KSA and USA

This research considers brain death as a modern issue with respect to which the law applies and in the medical perspective. Due to various legal, ethical and the medical issues involved, one view sees that the dead brain is a sick person and that the patient still alive and he must get the medical attention, while the other view sees that this kind of person or patient is dead and the medical care should be stopped. The research will examine the matter in a comparative study between the United States of America and Saudi Arabia.
Dana Ghallab Alradei

Air Pollution in Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia.

Due to the fast-economic growth and urbanization, many developing and developed countries encounter big share of pollutants and mutual environmental problems, including the failure of law enforcement and the lack of effective regulations. This research highlights air pollution regulations in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and what the position of Saudi Arabia in the light of international treaties on air standard, focusing on the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia.
The objective of this research is a critical review of the causes of air pollution, whether Saudi Arabia violates their international obligations and the enforcement of its own environmental laws.
Rana Yousif Abdullatif

Women’s Rights in Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia is Witnessing a historical change in their reform movement and development by granting women rights that were impossible to obtain in the past. Although Saudi Arabia is going through a historical change the issue of women obtaining a role in the administrative and political sectors is still going through heated arguments between the supporters and their adversaries. Each group has a list of evidence supporting their claim as to whether its allowed for a Muslim women to obtain these important roles. Although women’s right to obtain a role in the judicial system have been controversial, several quarters including the Crown Prince have expressed their positive opinions concerning women obtaining a rightful place in the judicial system. This research will examine these issues.
Leena Yousef Alajaji

The Constitutionality of Laws in Saudi Arabia

This research illustrates the old and the current judicial system in Saudi Arabia, as well as the function of the courts system in Saudi Arabia. It will attempt to address the issue of whether a constitutional court or any specialized institution such as constitutional council in Saudi Arabia by examining the different models of judicial review and comparing between them.
Dalal Aldossary

The Principle of Separation of Powers in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

The aim of this research is to look into the influence of the separation of powers doctrine in the system of Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia is an Islamic state that considers Sharia law its supreme system. The separation of powers doctrine was not defined neither in Sharia law nor the constitution of Saudi Arabia, therefore, this study will examine this issue. Islamic system does not forbid adopting such principle, if certain provisions and restrictions of Sharia were respected. After analyzing the Saudi constitutional document, The Basic law of Governance, The Shura Council law, The Council of Ministers law, the research concludes that both the executive and the legislative authority overlap, which means that the principle of separation of powers was not taken by the Saudi Constitutional system. In addition, the Shura Council cannot be considered as an independent legislative authority.
Intesar Alkhayyal

Domestic Violence against Women in Saudi Arabia

Domestic violence against women is an act of gender-based violence that results in physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women. Domestic violence against women is a global problem that is not defined by geographic, cultural, religious, social, national or economic boundaries. The study explores domestic violence against women in Saudi Arabia. The focus is on the prevalence of domestic violence against women in the country, ways of improving services to women who have experienced violence, and options available to women in matters concerning domestic violence. The literatures explored suggest that high incidents of domestic violence are present in Saudi Arabia. Limited options are available for women experiencing incidents of domestic violence, therefore, existing laws should be strengthened to address the identified problem. 
Noor Abdullah AlDossary

Legal, Ethical and Religious Perspectives in Organ Trafficking

This research aims to clarify the criminal, ethical, and religious responsibility of doctors, buyers, and sellers on the crime of Organ trafficking. The human rights commission’s yearly report states that in the past three years there’s an average of 1.28% of human trafficking that have been caught in Saudi Arabia and 2016 being the most out of the three years with a percentage of 2.02%. International agreements have been created to fight this crime such as, the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, to which Saudi Arabia acceded in 2007. It was concluded that all national, international, and Islamic laws have prevented the trade of organ, and the criminal liability falls upon every person who contributes in this crime whether it was a major role or a minor role.
Jumanah Basodan

A Proposed Law on Vetting Divorce to Address Saudi Arabia’s High Divorce Rate

This paper examines the possibility of vetting divorce in the Kingdom and proposes a law for this purpose. It proposes vetting divorce with 2-year effectiveness requisite on husbands who seek processing divorce in order to give more chance for saving the marriage. The method of research which the paper adopts is both a thorough analytical reading on the Islamic jurisprudence on divorce, in addition to interviewing 3 experts in the field. The paper concludes that the idea of vetting divorce is plausible both from Sharia law perspective and from the legal aspect of the Saudi legal system. The paper sums up ad compiles the findings in an illustrative “Memorandum of the Proposed Law”.
Rwabi AlHammad

Rights of the Accused in the Military Court Trials in Saudi Arabia

The study concerns the rights of the accused before the Military Court in Saudi Arabia. The guarantees to the right of fair hearing, as a matter of international custom, have been entrenched in various international instruments ranging from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). This research examines the nature of military justice to evaluate the human rights standards that Saudi Arabia’s Military Sanctions regime complies with. The study recommends an appropriate system and approach towards which the military sanction regime of Saudi Arabia may evolve towards a civil oriented court organizational system. 
Dana AlHumaidi

Codification of Shariah Principles in Saudi Arabia

This research addresses the problem of codification of Shariah principles in Saudi Arabia. It had negative effect on people who file their cases in courts, because the final judgement of cases is based on the judge’s ijtihad which may result in different judgements in similar cases. The Research shows the importance of codifying Shariah which is the primary source of legislation in Saudi Arabia to have a fair trial. It also addresses the ruling of the codification of Shariah principles and the view of the scholars. The research shows that the previous attempts in Saudi Arabia to codify Shariah principles which did not succeed. Finally, it discusses the main findings and recommendations.
Aljoharah Alsubaiey

The Rights of the Accused in Saudi Criminal Justice System

Criminal Justice systems can be very tricky when it comes to implementing them. Especially when larger aspects such as politics or religion come in the way of determining a solution. Saudi Arabia has been criticized for a really long time for its implementation of law where it has been described as “unfair”, “cruel”, “harsh”, and even as “a justice system that is not just” which leaves us to the question of: is it really the law? Or the way we perceive the implementation of the law system? This research seeks to clarify this issue.
Shaikhah Nasser Al`Naimi

Personal Data Protection in Saudi Arabia

The protection of personal data is crucial to building an enabling environment, to ensure the safety of individuals and society, and to support its stability, because data security is part of cybersecurity. Therefore, such protection supports confidence-building and contributes to the promotion of trade and e-services. In the context of globalization, ease of access to data and circulation, the importance of an effective system for the protection of personal data, the adoption of a legal and regulatory framework, the imposition of strict legal procedures against the abuse of personal data, the abuse of privacy and the protection of personal data from theft are also doubted. This research attempts to examine these issues in the Saudi Arabia perspective.
Sarah Abdulmohsin

Money Laundering in Saudi Arabia

Money laundering has adverse implications on the society and the economy of Saudi Arabia. It leads to an increase in illicit activities that has adverse implications on the society. Furthermore, money laundering comprises of black money for which tax has not yet been paid. Hence, it leads to hurting the economy of the country as well. The Anti-Money Laundering laws of Saudi Arabia aims to reduce money laundering in the nation. It has successfully addressed several issues and causes of money laundering and has successfully solved them. Yet this system can be improved. The aim of the research is to identify the problems of money laundering and better ways to solve these issues. This will help Saudi Arabia to meet the aims of Saudi Vision 2030 that is to create a stronger economy.
Manal Albluwi

Child Abuse and Neglect in Saudi Arabia

Child abuse and neglect is a severe social issue harming the wellbeing of Saudi Arabia society. The prevalence of child abuse and neglect caused by such factors as socioeconomic instability, poorly developed social and legislative system, low level of education, psychological problems in parents, and failure to follow the commands of Islam. Child abuse and neglect negatively affect the psychological wellbeing of children and the quality of their life. Therefore, the government tries to address the issue of child maltreatment. For this purpose, the Protection Against Abuse law was established to protect children. The government attempts to improve abuse reporting system. This research examines how the law authorities could enhance the law and its implementation to decrease the prevalence of child abuse and neglect in the country.


Haya Alanazi

Admissibility of Digital Evidence in Cyber Crimes

Due to the development around us, the use of technology has become a need in most of our interactions, as it makes our life easier by reducing distance between the people around the world. However, technology has also brought a lot of negativities such cybercrimes. Technology and internet became the platform to commit such crimes which hurt innocent people. Cybercrimes frequently depend on electronic platform to be committed, which make electronic evidence a substantial part of the investigation. But electronic evidence is hard to extract especially that it is intangible. This research aims to examine the use of electronic evidence in cybercrimes.
Haifa Ablowi

Publication of False Statement in Electronic Media

Statistics indicate that there is a high percentage of cybercrime committed in Saudi Arabia because of the unconsciousness of dealing with all modern technologies such as social networks, computers and mobile phones in general. This research aims to illustrate the contraventions and penalties of false electronic publishing in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Moreover, the researcher will focus on posting of incorrect news or false statements. The study followed the analytical methods and systemic review through collecting information from previous research papers, books, and literature reviews. Study results showed that publishing a false statement may destroy life and the government should impose regulation concerning this issue.
Turifah Abdullah Huwimel

Human Trafficking for Begging

Begging is one of the many forms of human trafficking. As in complying with the United Nations (UN), the country of Saudi Arabia has prescribed a national legal framework that attempts to combat human trafficking as a criminal activity. Saudi Arabia has adopted severe punishments such as imprisonment for a long period and a fine of a large amount. However, there are limited efforts to try to raise awareness to the public regarding this issue. The state should adopt measures that aim to enhance the understanding of begging as an issue that produce effects humanity nationally and internationally, to understand the characteristics of traffickers and the trafficked who fall victim to such a crime, as well as in order to distinguish between a voluntary act of begging, and forced begging.
Razan Khan

Protection of Prisoner’s Rights in Saudi Arabia

The research paper intends to monitor and analyze the legal procedural, social, and human rights of prisoners in the Saudi Arabia and to portray the true reflection of these rules and regulations on the reality of the standards of treatment and care of prisoners and the social and human rights they enjoy in Saudi prisons. It has been found through studies that the laws and regulations in Saudi Arabia do in fact give high attention to the social and human rights of prisoners. They do so through The System of Criminal Procedures and The Prison and Detention System which have guaranteed prisoners with treatment that preserves their dignity and protects their rights. Unfortunately, despite all these efforts, there are still complaints by the prisoners themselves directed towards some of the prison staff that are responsible for "protecting" those rights. This research attempts to give a number of administrative and medical recommendations with hope that it could result in proper and true implementation of the rules and regulations that protect prisoners’ rights.
Aljawharah AlAshban

Section 212 Spring 2018-2019

Project Student

Saudi Labor Law Article 77

The main aim of the Saudi Labor Law is to uphold the rights of the employees. However, the employees have faced several problems despite being indemnified. Firstly, the Article 77 provides an easy way for the employer to legally dismiss the employee without any fair reason. Secondly, it provides only a small compensation to the employee. Thirdly, the employee cannot take any legal action against the employer. The utilization of Article 77 has led to the unfair dismissal of several Saudi employees in 2017. This research will examine issues relating to article 77.
Lina Alhudaithi

Guardianship System in Saudi Arabia

The Guardianship system is a set of traditions that do not match with Saudi Arabia's futuristic views and its visions. The guardianship system violates the accurate meaning of guardianship under Islamic laws by the restrictions that are forced by men on women due to the misunderstanding of Islamic rules. This project will examine various interpretation of guardianship in Islamic literature, and the obstacles that women face because of it.
Bayan Al-Malki

Child Protection Procedures in Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabian government has taken several measures to develop child protection regime which offers comprehensive protection to children from physical violence and abuse, psychological violence, and neglect. The General Directorate of Social Protection working under the auspices of Ministry of Labor and Social Development is the apex authority for children protection. Children protection systems in Saudi Arabia is an integrated system in which several ministries and departments coordinate their activities. The social protection committees and social protection units, where children are kept under safe custody until cases are resolved, work under the administrative control of the General Directorate of Social Protection. In light of the work of the committees, this research discusses procedures for physical violence and abuse, psychological violence, and neglect in Saudi Arabia.
Sharooq Ali Balhamer

Corruption and Human Rights in Saudi Arabia: Recommendations for the Government

Corruption is a hindrance to the economic progress of any country as well as the progress of citizens. This paper analyzes the context of corruption in the country by analyzing various sectors such as judiciary, legislative department, tax, customs, and land administration, and on the public and civil society. The paper recommends the making of periodic reviews of existing legislations and benchmarking with other regional and international agencies as a way of curbing corruption and improving human rights protection.
Danah A Boudy

The Issues of the Medical Insurance Class C for Immigrant Worker

In 2015, Saudi Arabia made it compulsory for all the residents to have a medical Insurance. The main aim of this law was to help the people of the country to receive the healthcare facilities that they require. However, there are several problems with the application of the laws concerning medical insurance. Firstly, it has been found that certain employers made the employees pay for medical insurance despite the law asking them to pay for it. Secondly, most of the medical insurances are created just to satisfy the law and not meet the objectives of the law that is treatment for the foreigners. The C Class insurance only provides basic healthcare services in clinics not hospitals. Moreover, most of these expatriates are treated poorly if they visit clinics with their C class medical insurance. This research found that there are several ways to solve problems concerning C class insurance. These include discarding the class system in the field of medical insurance, the government providing medical insurance, removing the C class medical insurance and keeping the other levels. These recommendations are discussed in the research.
Saba Shadhan

Autism: Liability in Legal conducts and in Crimes

Autism is a special kind of disorder due to the different stages it has from severe conditions to semi-normal conditions which shows the person normally like the rest of the general population. This disorder arises two main questions that will be answered in this research which are, the liability of autism in conducting legal rights, actions and the liability of committing crimes.
Haifa Ibrahim F. Alshehri

The legal status of Saudi-Kuwait Neutral Zone

Neutral zone of Saudi Arabia and Kuwait is a 5700 km2 land between the two countries that exists due to unlimited borders. The land became important in 1938 when oil was discovered in the Burqan oilfield. In 1956, the Getty Inc. with the permission of Saudi Arabia discovered oil in the neutral zone. The actions of Saudi Arabia displeased Kuwait since prior permission was not taken from Kuwait to start operations at the Wafra oil field, which was a part of the neutral zone closer to the south of Saudi Arabia. However, the dispute between the two brotherly nations was solved and the two nations jointly exploit the neutral zone to squeeze oil from it. However, in 2015 the operations in the neutral zone have ceased. The initial reason cited by Saudi Arabia to stop operations in the Wafra oil field in 2014 was environmental issues. However, Kuwait followed the footsteps of Saudi Arabia to stop operations in the Khafji oil field as well. There are several issues concerning the cease of operations in the neutral zone. It is essential for both the nations to resolve the dispute in order to strengthen their individual economy and prevent the global oil market from inflation. The research discusses these issues alongside potential solutions to these problems.
Abrar Dawood

The Rights of Abortion for Women in Saudi Arabia

This paper provides an overview of the laws that govern abortion in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia is considered to be a predominantly Muslim country and hence much of the regulations and laws governing abortion are influenced by the religious beliefs of Islam teachings. This paper analyzes factors and even quotes scriptures from the Qur’an that support and offer guidance to these practices. To understand these regulations further, the article goes into detail to analyze the issue on when life begins and how this influences the law guiding abortion. Although there are no data that showcases the prevalence of abortion in Saudi Arabia, data from international countries showcase that some of its residents seek these services while living or even visiting countries that allow abortion.
Rawan Ali Alfulful

Criminal Procedures for Women in Saudi Arabia

This paper examines the legal procedures involving several activities pertaining to that the court will undertake in order to process the criminal case of an accused. These procedures include collecting evidences, collecting testimonies, holding up the rights of the accused or perpetrator and so on.
Mashael Emad AlJehani

Statute of Limitation for Criminal Law: A Study of Islamic Jurisprudence and Saudi System

This research paper examines the limitation on criminal aspect from Islamic jurisprudence and Saudi system perspective. This is to find out to which extent limitation on criminal aspect was adopted from both of them. There are disagreements between Islamic jurists on the Islamic principle which states that "rights do not fall off even when limitation periods have expired".  Findings from this examination revealed that all jurists of Four School agreed that there is no limitation could apply to Diya and Qisas offences. They, however, agreed that limitation could apply on Tazir offences. Additionally, they only disagreed on Hududd offenses where some of them saw that it could be applied and the other not. Furthermore, Saudi system apply limitation in Tazir only by royal pardon.
Hadeel Hamad AlQahtani

Counterfeit Products in Saudi Arabia: A Commercial Law Perspective

The purpose of this paper is to conduct a study on the issue of counterfeit goods in Saudi Arabia. The paper highlights the continuous threat posed by counterfeit products to the economic development of Saudi Arabia. It also examines some of the mechanisms that the government of Saudi Arabia has put in place to address the issue of counterfeit products across the country including the efficacy of Saudi Arabia’s trademark protection laws and suggests different ways to help the authority implement them.
Awliya Alsaihati

Online Fake Trade and Scams

This research paper discusses the issue of Online Fake Trade Scams in Saudi Arabia and the level of awareness people have regarding laws in Saudi Arabia regulating Online Fake Trade Scams. The research suggests solutions on how the government could protect consumers from online trade scammers, and it also recommends an establishment of new law which punishes online scammers and protects consumers.
Bouthynah Alshanqiti

Impersonation and Identity Theft

Computers and Information Technology (IT) have become the mainstay of business and government processes. The theft of online private personal data is common today, often hacked by hackers. It can be either the personal information on social media accounts, website accounts or any official website of any organization. A rapid growth of computer crimes and formation of laws in different countries addresses the severity of problem. This report discusses the main idea of impersonation and its impacts in Saudi Arabia. Also, it discusses the punishments that should be imposed by Saudi government on criminal and what actions Saudi government should take to eradicate this issue.
Basma Abdullah

Medical Errors in Saudi Arabia

This study will evaluate the medical errors in Saudi Arabia. It will evaluate the challenges for reporting medical errors and penalty for disciplinary liability. The medication errors occur mostly during prescribing so to improve the patient safety, computerized physician order entry is crucial. This paper reviews the importance of information technology in reducing medication errors both in inpatient and outpatient care settings as well as the use of informatics and to use computers, various databases, physicians can treat the patients more effectively. The study will review different literature to conclude the standard errors, the challenges of reporting, and the penalty for liabilities.
Njood Obaid Alsbaie

The Challenges Faced by Foreign Arbitrator in the Kingdom

The main aim of the study is to examine the weaknesses in the arbitration system and the problems in the arbitration laws in order to enhance the Saudi arbitration system. It will focus on these issues and will further interview three experts in this field to enlighten the study with recommendations to improve the system. The objective is to increase the competence of the arbitration system of Saudi Arabia since critics have often criticized it for its weaknesses, uncertainties and lack of competence.
Duaa Batook

Terrorism in Saudi Arabia

Terrorism is defined as an indiscriminate use of violence over masses in order to achieve a political pursuit. ISIS has caused the indiscriminate and reckless killing of people all around the world. However, naïve people who lack knowledge regarding the role of ISIS in terrorism get brainwashed by their words and join the terrorist organization. There are several people like Shamima Begum, Hoda Muthana and so on who have survived in the regime of ISIS and desire to come back to their respective country, which is UK and USA respectively. Nonetheless, their respective countries have rejected them. Saudi Arabia has rescued its children from the hands of ISIS and have brought them back safely to the kingdom. It is essential for Saudi Arabia to eradicate terrorism to ensure the security of the people and the financial stability of the country. This research examines the efforts carried out by Saudi Arabia regarding counter terrorism mechanism and suggests more steps the Kingdom can take to combat terrorism.
Reem Al Musleh

Section 101 Spring 2018-2019

Project Student

Termination of Employment Contracts and End of Service Benefits of Employees under the Saudi Arabia Labor Law

This research explores and identifies the different laws embodied in Saudi Arabia Labor Law pertaining to termination of employees specifically the valid grounds and effects  termination. Further, this paper presents the damages that can be filed upon the severance of employer-employee relationship as well as the end of service benefit. The issues presented were answered using the qualitative methodoly of research. Conclusions and recommendations were given by the researcher at end of this paper in order to summarize the whole research and to suggest for improvements.
Abdulrahman Ahmed Alabdullatif

Sponsorship System in Saudi Labor Law

There is a need to monitor the sponsorship system for migrant laborers in Saudi Arabia. In most cases, the system monitors unskilled and semi-skilled laborers, primarily those working in the domestic and construction sectors. The rationale of this system is that in most cases, the unskilled immigrant laborers are exposed to poor working conditions, physical abuse, verbal abuse, reduced wages, harsh living conditions, social sanctions, rape, among other human rights violations. The study will seek to explore the following research questions; To what extent does labor sponsorship contribute to the violation of human rights? What are the current policy interventions being implemented to solve the situation? What are international labor organizations doing about the current state of kafala in KSA?
Ibrahim Al-Ajaji

Environmental Laws and the Dairy Business in Saudi Arabia.

This research intends to examine the Environmental Laws in Saudi Arabia concerning the dairy business and determine the relation and effect to the Environment and Environmental Laws of Saudi Arabia including whether or not the Environmental Laws are properly enforced and to ascertain whether the Dairy Business violate any Environmental Laws. Lastly, it will make a recommendation on the improvement of Environmental Law for Dairy Business.
Bader Albassam

Commercial Concealment in Saudi Arabia

The study aims to examine the legal problem associated with commercial concealment in Saudi Arabia. The first question will involve identifying the reasons that have motivated the locals to engage in commercial concealment activities. Moreover, the questions will assess the official bodies expected to combat commercial concealment and what they have legally done so far. The study will also identify the economic, security, and social reasons caused by the phenomenon. The questions will aim to ascertain the foreign nationalities engaged in commercial concealment and the kind of operations they conduct. The inquiry will aim to establish the role of official agencies charged with the responsibility of addressing the issue. In essence, the questions will cover the legal challenge of commercial concealment in Saudi Arabia comprehensively.  
Nawaf Alkhallaf

Money laundering and the Role of Lawyers Confidentiality

One of the obligations of a lawyer is to respect confidentiality when dealing with a client in order to gain reputation and mostly the client’s trust. But that could lead to a misunderstanding to how confidentiality works, which could lead to be abused by criminals in order to hide from the authorities. This means that money launderers could use law firms and lawyers to legitimize their money. This research examines these issues.
Maan Sindi

E-commerce Anti-Fraud and Consumer Protection

Due to the lack of laws and regulation in E-Commerce in Saudi Arabia, there are some problems with E-Commerce pricing, seller identification and product description. This research attempts at resolving issues in eliminating anonymous sites and the ability to communicate with the known sellers to be able to discuss the pricing and description of the product and to allow the users to make a review about the product.
Hussam Aljihsi

Bankruptcy Law in Saudi Arabia

Bankruptcy is the procedure of providing financial relief to individuals and organizations that are overwhelmed by burdens of debt by impeding the legal actions taken by creditors. In 2018, a new bankruptcy law in Saudi Arabia came into effect. Financial analysts and economists provided positive feedback regarding the predicted long-term effects of the law on the country’s economy. It is a popular assumption that the bankruptcy law will increase attention from investors. However, there is a need to investigate and analyze any potential problems arising from the new law that might negatively impact foreign investment. This paper will examine some of the issues associated with the new bankruptcy law with respect to foreign investors.
Raed Alghamdi

Media Law in Saudi Arabia

The main objective of this research is to explore media laws in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia is one of the countries where the issue of the censorship of the media is prevalent. The research commences with an introduction that offers background information on the topic of research and sets the course for the research problem. It employs both the primary sources and secondary sources of data. The findings of this research indicate that Saudi Arabia has set up strategies that curb individuals from reporting anything that endangers the interest of the government and offends the royal house. Some of the limits on media reporting such as defamation, public order and interest of the government are in line with international media law. For this reason, the article concludes by giving some suggestions on how media laws in Saudi Arabia could be improved.
Faisal Aljamea

The Privatization of Sports Clubs in Saudi Arabia

The privatization of sports clubs in Saudi Arabia is a lucrative idea on paper. The European sports industry is very attractive to the spectators given how much money the industry is worth. From how much European players earn, to how much they make on ticket sales and even how much their clubs spend to sign a new player, privatizing sports clubs sounds like a great idea for Saudi Arabia. The kingdom has a wealthy private sector that can make sports as profitable in Saudi Arabia as it is in the West. However, many challenges come with being the first Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) nation to privatize sports. There are both legal and cultural hurdles to consider, including the reality that not all sports clubs are profitable enough to operate like business firms. This paper looks into the negative impact of privatizing sports clubs in Saudi Arabia and the legal issues involved, as well as the positive factors associated with the idea.
Khalid N. Al Shamlan

Unfair Dismissal in Saudi Arabia

The main ordeal and focus of this research is based on the understanding of the unfair dismissal and its effects on the working sector of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. In addition, this research is also based on the shortcomings of working under an employer without a contract and the drawbacks of unfair dismissal for the workers of Saudi Arabia. The main goal of this study is to help the workers by spreading awareness of the redundancy rights they have and how they can use it in their favor. 
Ibrahim Alarifi

Issue of Tax Zakat Estimation for Small Business

Zakat estimation is a problem in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, where zakat it is supposed to be accurate instead of being taken out of estimation. Many zakat is wasted because it was not calculated properly. This research finds that there is no certain criteria for zakat estimation – zakat estimation is unfair to people since it is not accurate and can lead to authority of zakat overestimating a small business’ income. The research recommended to cease the zakat estimation and replace it with bills system and the electronic bills system.
Abdulellah Alzuwaid

The Inconsistency of Judicial Rulings in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Sharia is a complete and comprehensive law for all aspects of the life of Muslims without exception and is valid for any time and place as it is the divine law of the world. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is one of the countries that apply Islamic law in all its transactions and regulations by reference to its constitution based on the holy Quran and the Sunnah. However, sometimes the application may be disrupted due to differences of jurisprudence among that there is no codification of these provisions which leads to the Inconsistency of judicial rulings in the Kingdom. Thus, some errors may occur unintentionally. Hence, this research is to clarify an important matter which is the subject of codification of these through the adoption of the penalty he deems appropriate, and this undoubtedly leads to the occurrence of serious errors and at times reach the stage of injustice. Therefore, the idea of legalization of penalties is to get the accused his right and to ensure that the punishment is to deter people so as not re-offend. The purpose of this research is to clarify the discrepancy in the Tasir judgments issued by the judges and to clarify the benefits of codification.
Aseel Albalawi

Adaptation of Contracts due to Unforeseen Events or Force Majeure

The fundamental principle of sanctity of contracts (pacta sunt servanda) is an international doctrine that guides operationalization of contracts. It suggests that in a contract, the obligor must remain bound to the terms under any conditions in accordance with predictability of the law and the principle of good faith. Nevertheless, circumstances during implementation of a contract may significantly change in future due to unforeseen events. This fact may become burdening for one side in such cases when supervening events collapse the foundation of a contract, making the obligor unable to reasonably uphold the agreement. Adaptation of an arrangement is the process of reviewing and renegotiating it when unforeseen hardships occur. While there is no universal law of contract adaptation, most of the existing regional or international doctrines are founded on similar provisions and/or ideologies. Contractual renegotiations are procedural, and they may sometimes involve third parties if the two parent sides cannot strike an agreement. In this view, different arbitrary and negotiation processes may be adopted to find common ground. This research paper examines adaptation of contracts due to unforeseen events or force majeure. It delves into probable causes of contract adaptation and the main ways of the procedure.Primarily, the mechanism is a remedy to the limitations of pacta sunt servanda, and it may be considered in various cases of unforeseen hardships.
Basem AlGhamdi

Section 101 Fall 2018-2019

Research Projects Students

Bilateral Arbitration Treaty

In recent years, the concept of bilateral arbitration treaties has attracted interest over the legality and efficiency of arbitration treaties. Arbitration is an alternative form of dispute resolution that is designed to promote economic efficiency in trade and enhance the administration of justice. However, some quarters have expressed concerns on the enforcement of arbitral awards under the BAT. The main objective of this research project is to make a case for the BAT by undertaking a critical appraisal of BAT and identifying the inadequacies of the current international legal framework on commercial arbitration.
Ali Ibrahim Abusaai

Patient’s Rights in Saudi Arabia

The Saudi Arabian healthcare system is growing rapidly because of the increased investment by the government. Even with the advancement in healthcare, there is an increase in adverse events in the clinical practice. However, few studies have addressed the medical conflicts in Saudi Arabia. There are increasing patterns of medical errors and litigation in the country.  In this study, the researcher looks into various committees that help in the process of medical conflict litigations.
Moataz Sultan A Alotaibi

Imprisonment for Small Debts and the Alternative Sanctions

This research focuses on the deprivation of someone liberty by imprisonment in small cases in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia such minor debts and the effect of this punishment on the person. The main area of the analysis will be inclusion of matters relating to deprivation of someone liberty by putting him in jail for a minor debt. This study also examines the possibility of using some alternative punishments rather than putting someone in jail for such small cases.
Abdulrahman Alsayyar

The Relationship between International Court of Justice and the Security Council

The United Nations is an umbrella body which has other organs. One of these organs of the United Nations is the United Nations Security Council (UNSC). The other organ, which is judicial, is the International Court of Justice (ICJ). Even though many people believe that the UNSC and ICJ perform different functions and are independent of each other, the truth is that these two organs are not fully independent of each other. The fact that International Court of Justice is purely judicial in nature while United Nations Security Council is tasked to maintain peace and security makes the functions of UNSC and ICJ to be worlds apart. However, the former has more powers than the latter and there is a constant interference of the work of the ICJ by the UNSC. This article is going to discuss the way the UN Security Council interferes with the operations of the International Court of Justice, be it in the rulings that the ICJ makes or in the appointment of the ICJ judges.
Dahem Aldossary

Constructive Dismissal

Constructive dismissal is a topic that can relate obviously to law, and to psychology. No one can face a constructive dismissal without stress and pressure that might effect on him psychologically, this kind of decision is hard especially when quitting out is the only solution and that what the employer want! This research project is aiming on identifying constructive dismissal clearly and compare it with other kinds of dismissal, comparing what different law has stated about constructive dismissal, and finally how the Saudi Legislator acted against this kind of situations.
Mosaad Almutair

Anti-cybercrimes Law in Saudi Arabia

In February 2007 the Council of Ministers in Saudi Arabia endorsed the Anti-Cybercrime Act. Is this law effective in playing its role of fighting cyber-crimes in the country? The enforcement of the law is what makes the law effective in achieving its aims. Many researchers have found that there is an issue in the enforcement of that law. This research evaluated the status of enforcement of the Saudi anti cyber-crimes law and diagnosed these obstacles facing it by examining the legislation, how judges dealt with cyber-crimes, how does the law enforcement conduct the investigation and a survey to measure the level of awareness of the cyber-crime law. Finally, the research will conclude with suggestions and recommendations that hopefully will help to reach better enforcement of the Saudi anti cyber-crimes law.
Mohammad Alkhuzayem

The Need for Legislation on The Transplantation of Human Organs in Saudi Arabia

Organ transplantation has been going on in different countries for years. This research is to highlight the legitimacy of the transplantation of human organs. The study will begin by introducing the issues of organ transplantation in general and then it will narrow down to Saudi Arabia and International Conventions. This research will proceed to provide a qualitative literature on the issues regarding the need for a legislation and a penal code for the human organ transplantation in Saudi Arabia. scholarly journals will form the basis of the research literature. The paper provides suitable research questions, which will be analyzed and discussed in details before a conclusion and recommendation are provided.
Abdulmohsen Mohammed Al Muhaysin

Medical Errors in Saudi Arabia

It was noted at least seventeen million such cases of medical negligence occur in high income nations. Twenty-six million errors occurred in middle and low-income states. In Saudi Arabia, which can be classified as a high-income country, there have been several instances on national news about medical errors causing some controversy and public uproar. This issue has been quite persistent and even terrified patients making them frightened of going to hospitals for treatment. This research paper proposes to investigate the medical errors that have occurred in Saudi Arabia in the last couple of years.
Abdulrahman Alsunaid

Section 201 Fall 2018-2019

Title Student


Child Trafficking and Forced Labor.

Child trafficking is presumably one of the major global issues given its high incidence rate. An analysis of previous literature demonstrates a notable gap in integrating the concepts of child trafficking and forced labor. The research seeks to fill such gap by undertaking library-based research through explanatory design in understanding child trafficking and forced labor. Significantly, the direct correlation between child trafficking and forced labor introduces a unique dimension on the importance of promoting child well-being from a multifaceted approach. The issue of child labor remains a global issue as evident in its contribution to the world economy. The developed research findings underscore on the importance of mitigating problems related to trafficking among children in eliminating their susceptibility to both trafficking and forced labor. Therefore, the completion of the study creates an appropriate platform for discerning the inherent aspects influencing child trafficking and forced labor.
Laila Alaradi


Jury Power from Early Times to The Present Day: The case of Saudi Arabia

This research paper focuses on analyzing the legislation and laws practiced in Saudi Arabia for the purpose of understanding major reasons for the urgent need of introducing jury systems and other legal practices within the nation. The study also focuses on highlighting the current legal system, which is being followed in Saudi Arabia. A major comparison of Saudi Arabia’s legal system has been conducted with the jury system of the US as well as that of Germany. The statements of different problems associated with the legal system in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia also comprises various issues faced by the public of the nation in terms of court systems has also been highlighted in this study.
Rawan Alhudaib


Wastewater Treatment and Reuse in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and United States of America

In all over the world during the past decade, a public and mutual concern extended in regard to water crisis. This research project aims to focus on the reuse of treated wastewater as one of the major solutions for countries that suffers water scarcity. The reuse of treated wastewater is receiving unique attention in both Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and United States of America as a viable and applicable source of water. The paper will specifically focus on regulations, enacted laws, principles, and actions taken by government of both countries for the aim or reusing treated wastewater. This research paper method is qualitative; it will be library-based. The research information will be gain from enacted regulation of both Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and United States of America, studies and statistics of current state of wastewater treatment and reuse of both countries, thus, a legal analysis. The analysis will include a detailed examination of Wastewater treatment and reuse system 2000 in Saudi Arabia, The Clean Water Act 1972, and other documents significate in the context of wastewater treatment and reuse. The enforcement of water regulations like the Clean Water Act and regulation National Water Company in KSA would lead to encourage the conservation of industrial water and reuse by the implementation of more restrictive standards for discharge wastewater.
Danah Aljaber


Domestic Violence Against Children and Children Criminal Behavior

This paper will discuss the issue of the phenomena of Domestic violence and how violence can negatively affect the mental and psychological health of children who are survivors of violence and whether they can acquire criminal behavior because of exposure to extreme violence or witnessing violence, by explore criminals’ minds and how they gain this behavior we derived that from the theory of James Fallon, Adrian Raine, and Palmer. As well as, this paper will discuss the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia efforts to protect children who are exposed to domestic violence by their parent and the kingdom's attempts to prevent domestic violence and the introduction of The National Safety Program.
Rzan Alnahdi

Freedom of Expression

This paper aims to provide a comprehensive overview on the existence of the right of freedom of speech in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Specifically, the paper will discuss where the right of speech exists in the Saudi legal system, and what are the proper means of practicing such right among the Saudi community. Also, the paper will explain the restrictions upon the right of freedom of speech which is ruled by the government of Saudi Arabia. Furtherly, the content of this paper will identify the punishments under the Saudi legal system for violating the limitations of freedom of speech in Saudi Arabia, and will clarify the controversy upon the accusations against Saudi Arabia for breaching the international human rights standards by imposing harsh punishment for the violation the restrictions of the right of freedom of speech in the KSA.
Sarah Alshehri

Current Assessment of Attributing the International State Responsibility for Wrongful Act.

The conducted research seeks to examine the extent of attributing the responsibility to the state for an internationally wrongful conduct under the umbrella of the ILC articles, due to the contentious issues that concerns the adequacy of the doctrine of attribution, particularly for the acts committed by non-state actors. This research explored at the authority of the ILC draft articles, the relationship between the ILC articles and the ICJ, and the recent opinions of the international community in regard of proceeding with the codifying process of the articles. It also examines the principle of attribution if the conduct is committed by a state organ, though when the conduct is committed by non-state organ the principal of attribution “specifically in regard of the standard tests (strict control and effective control) that have been developed in the light of the article eight” appears inadequate, due to their loose organization and their high threshold.
            Raged  A Alshnaiber


The Phenomena of Deforestation and Desertification in the Kingdom of Saudi


The phenomenon of deforestation has left several effects where desertification is one of them. This research focuses on major current environmental issues related to what has been characterized as causes and effects of deforestation in Saudi Arabia and the efforts of limiting this issue. In addition to, the issue related to what has been characterized as effects of desertification in Saudi Arabia, and the efforts of limiting this issue. Most of previously conducted researches did not focus on Saudi Arabia region from the scope of the phenomena of deforestation and desertification that the region is suffering from. Moreover, most of previously conducted researches failed to address the relation between the phenomena of deforestation and desertification. The aim of this research is to examine Saudi Arabia efforts of limiting both the phenomena of deforestation and desertification, along with highlighting the environmental relation with Saudi Arabia 2030 vision. This research used qualitative method to accomplish its aim by referring to legislation and articles. The phenomena of deforestation did cause environmental injustice, which accordingly, did break up the environmental balance, where Saudi Arabia do provide environmental fair treatment based on the income for those who can afford it only. Saudi Arabia do deals adequately in limiting the phenomena of deforestation and desertification, where it enacted the Law of Pasture and Forests, the National Transformation Program 2020, the Green Kingdom Program, memorandums of planting, along with joined forces between the people and Saudi government. However, the Pasture and Forests Law are not adequately enforced to the level of limiting people who cause harm to the forests and trees. Moreover, the efforts of reforestation and reducing desertification do benefits Saudi Arabia 2030 vision that focused on the environment of the region where it been included in its themes and initiatives under the aim of achieving a vibrant society with fulfilling lives.  
Ghidaa Al-qattan        


Domestic Violence in Saudi Arabia.

Domestic violence remains one of the most prevalent forms of abuse in the modern era. Everywhere around the globe, a day hardly passes without news outlets bringing a story about a woman, man or child who has been abused, physically or otherwise, within the family structure. The prevalence of this phenomenon is such that in some societies, people have almost normalized it – when it happens, people no longer consider it a serious issue. Nevertheless, this does not change the fact that domestic violence is one of the most insidious crimes that occur within our societies today. This article examines the treatment of women in Saudi Arabia and explores the gaps within the protective services that make women vulnerable in this country.
Munirah H Alosaimi   

The international efforts to counter Terrorism

The fight against terrorism is an interest shared by the international community, as terrorism is a direct threat to international peace and security. In this note, this research aims to discuss and examine the international and regional efforts to counter and fight terrorism. The research seeks to review the legal instruments that have been established to ensure the compliance of States In order to suppress terrorism. As well, the present study aims to shed a light on Saudi Arabia’s efforts and measures in the fight against terrorism.
Lena S Alhajri 

Medical Negligence and the Compensation Claim in Saudi Arabia

The purpose of this report is to know more about medical liability and the compensation claim in Saudi Arabia, and explore matters concerning the topic. The problem in this report is to find out whether there is an arising liability from medical malpractice and negligence and to analyze the legal procedures for a successful claim resulting from medical negligence in Saudi Arabia.
Shaikha Y Aldossary